A Hole in the Head: Trepanation

Trepanation, or trephination, has fascinated the Western academic world since the mid-19th century when Ephraim Squier discovered a trepanned skull in Cuzco, Peru. ”Trepanation is the removal of a bone piece of the skull of a living individual without penetration of the underlying soft tissue” according to Erdal and Erdal (2011). The word trepanation in latin …

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