The Sell-Off of Democracy

Written by: Terry Link

Primary Source : Possibilitator, October 1, 2016

In the past few months we have seen an acceleration of mergers among giants in many industries. Dow Chemical and Dupont, followed by Monsanto and Bayer, Marriott and Starwood, Microsoft and Linked-In, Verizon and Yahoo, and recently Miller and Budweiser. Each of these firms were giants before a merger. By combining they not only grab more market share, they concentrate wealth and power in fewer hands. And of course, we always hear about the increased ‘efficiency’ that comes with the new combo. Translated into our vernacular that means many folks lose their jobs while a few people at the top get wealthier and wealthier.

Image result for antitrust

Back at the turn of the last century there arose the idea of ‘antitrust’ to combat the growing concentration wealth by the robber barons. But this time around antitrust is not in any vocabulary use within Washington. Michigan’s late great Senator Phil Hart, whom colleagues named the ‘Conscience of the Senate’ and named a new Senate office building for him, was the last of the antitrust leaders.

Image result for phil hart

These new mergers will cast a long shadow. Already in Midland, Michigan, headquarters of Dow Chemical, city officials and citizens are worried about jobs moving and declining. It was a single company town that lived off Dow’s largess, and numerous well-endowed Dow family foundations have supported the arts, gardens and other community enhancements over the years. Of course, they also leave a toxic legacy they have been reluctant to repair, especially the dioxin levels in the Tittabawassee watershed. But I digress from my larger concern with this unchecked merger mania.

The late 19th Century response to the increasing concentration of wealth through anti-trust has been abandoned, even before the Citizens’ United ruling that now allows unidentified funds to flow into electoral politics.


Jason Hargrove/ Flickr

For example, Public Citizen published a report this week, Big Business Ballot Bullies, that notes that the corporate sector has been outspending the grassroots on state ballot proposals 10 to 1. And this is the reported money. Dark Money is by design harder to scope out. But we should harbor no doubts that the growing concentration of wealth and power is funneling more and more cash to protect their profits, the public good be damned.

Dark Money by Jane Mayer

Even conservative Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA) is concerned with the “tsunami” of mergers“Concerns have been raised whether these transactions will result in foreclosure of market access by competing seed companies to traits and germplasm, and whether they will enhance these companies to engage in exclusionary conduct.”

Diana Moss, president of the American Antitrust Institute, said the mergers will have “potentially adverse effects that could reduce innovation, increase seed costs and raise consumer food prices.” She said the Dow-DuPont and Monsanto-Bayer mergers could be particularly devastating.(USA Today 9/20/2016). Like Grassley, her concerns are primarily economic ones. I found no mention or concerns with the loss of jobs, abandonment of communities, or perhaps my biggest concern, the increased power the largest firms exert on ours and other democracies.

But the Senate has no power to block mergers. There are three main ways in which the Federal antitrust laws are enforced: 
• Criminal and civil enforcement actions brought by the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice.
 • Civil enforcement actions brought by the Federal Trade Commission.
 • Lawsuits brought by private parties asserting damage claims.

We already have banks and automobile manufacturers that are “too big to fail”. Shall we further concentrate every industry in the false name of ‘efficiency’ and free markets so that all the behemoths that drive our growing inequality have even more power and become ‘insured against failure and malfeasance’ via too big to fail?

bookjacket

I continue to circle back to the landmark study by three highly regarded political scientists from a few years ago, The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy. In this hefty, 693 page multiple award winning tome, Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady review a huge number of studies and discern, what a reasonable person might easily infer, that the growing economic inequality parallels a growing political inequality.

Following that epic work was another report by two other noted scholars further confirming this increasing political power that as one reviewer of their study,  Professor Allan J. Lichtman notes,

      “The analysts found that when controlling for the power of economic elites and organized interest groups, the influence of ordinary Americans registers at a “non-significant, near-zero level.” The analysts further discovered that rich individuals and business-dominated interest groups dominate the policymaking process. The mass-based interest groups had minimal influence compared to the business-based interest groups.”


My biggest concerns with the merger mania we are facing in light of Citizens United is the selling of our democracy to the wealthiest among us. Perhaps the penultimate result of which we may be watching unfold before our eyes as former Wall Street executive turned journalist Nomi Prins notes in an blog this week. Read it while you are sitting down.

Voting clearly matters, but the forces already unleashed require that it is not sufficient if we want to live in a democracy.
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Terry Link
Terry Link is a retired MSU librarian, former founding director of the MSU Office of Campus Sustainability, and co-founder and former chair of the American Library Association’s Task Force on the Environment. He recently served as associate editor for the two-volume encyclopedia, Achieving Sustainability: Visions, Principles, and Practices(Gale/Cengage 2014). He has also served as executive director of a regional food bank and as a county commissioner. Currently he is president of Starting Now, LLC, a sustainability consulting firm, a Senior Fellow for the U.S. Partnership for Education for Sustainable Development and serves on numerous non-profit organization boards.
Terry Link

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