Survival of the Steepest

Most textbooks tell you that the evolutionary process is really quite simple: three rules are all that’s necessary: inheritance, variation, and selection. It is indeed true that these three rules are all that’s needed for evolution to occur, but that does not mean that the evolutionary process is simple. In fact, quite the opposite. Real systems evolve in …

More

Are quanta particles or waves?

Are quanta particles or waves? The title of this post is an age-old question isn’t it? Particle or wave? Wave or particle? Many have rightly argued that the so-called “wave-particle duality” is at the very heart of quantum weirdness, and hence, of all of quantum mechanics. Einstein said it. Bohr said it. Feynman said it. …

More

Can Life emerge spontaneously?

It would be nice if we knew where we came from. Sure, Darwin’s insight that we are the product of an ongoing process that creates new and meaningful solutions to surviving in complex and unpredictable environments is great and all. But it requires three sine qua non ingredients: inheritance, variation, and differential selection. Three does …

More

Nifty papers I wrote that nobody knows about (Part 4: Complex Langevin equation)

This is the last installment of the “Nifty Papers” series. Here are the links to Part1, Part2, and Part 3. For those outside the computational physics community, the following words don’t mean anything: “The Sign Problem“ For those others that have encountered the problem, these words elicit terror. They stand for sleepless nights. They spell despair. They make grown men …

More

Nifty papers I wrote that nobody knows about: (Part 3: Non-equilibrium Quantum Statistical Mechanics)

This is the third part of the “Nifty Papers” series. Link to Part 1. Link to Part 2. In 1999, I was in the middle of writing about quantum information theory with my colleague Nicolas Cerf. We had discovered that quantum conditional entropy can be negative, discussed this finding with respect to the problem of quantum measurement, separability, Bell inequalities, as well …

More