Review – Trade Journal Articles on Food Fraud Compliance Requirements for GFSI, FSMA, and Sarbanes-Oxley

Are you compliant with the current and pending regulatory and standards requirements to address “all” types of food fraud and “all” products?  Probably not… but there are fairly simple steps to get started.  Our MSU FFI team just published two trade journal articles that summarize numerous peer-reviewed, refereed scholarly journal articles. MSU’s Dr. Doug Moyer …

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Publication – The Economics of a Food Fraud Incident – Case Studies and Examples, Including Melamine in Wheat Gluten

We all know Food Fraud occurs for economic gain, but it is more complex than just “profit margin” or “commodity price swings.” Reviewing the incidents provides insight on exactly how and where bad guys are attacking… which is critical to prevention and selecting countermeasures. New Publication: The Economics of a Food Fraud Incident – Case …

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Survey Results – FDA “Request for Comment” on FSMA Hazard Disclosure (or Not) – Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

This is a follow-up to our recent blog post that included a survey. The survey results summarized below will also be included in our formal public comments to FDA. Summary (150-word-brief):  This is a summary of our survey results. The FSMA guidance was clear, although there are ongoing FSMA concerns. While the new requirements are …

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FDA “Request for Comment” on FSMA Hazard Disclosure (or Not) – Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

Earlier this week FDA released “Describing a Hazard That Needs Control in Documents Accompanying the Food, as Required by Four Rules Implementing the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act: Guidance for Industry.” This was officially published in the Federal Register on October 31, 2016. Food Fraud (or EMA) was not directly addressed. This only defines how …

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New Publication: Food Protection Strategies – Review of New Zealand MPI Food Protection Forum

New Publication: Food Protection Strategies – Review of New Zealand MPI Food Protection Forum by John Spink • October 7, 2016 • Blog • 0 Comments This report was specifically created to provide an overview of key concepts presented at the “Food Protection Forum” held in Auckland during October 2015, which was organized by the New Zealand Government Ministry for Primary …

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Review – Final Rule for FSMA Intentional Adulteration (Food Defense) Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

This is a detailed, 22-page review of the Food Fraud aspects or requirements of the recently published Food Safety Modernization Act Intentional Adulteration (Food Defense) Final Rule (FSMA-IA). In addition to regular contributors Spink & Moyer, we are pleased to add MSU’s Dr. Andrew Huff (College of Veterinary Medicine) and University of Auckland’s (NZ) Bradley …

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Review – US IPR Center Senate Testimony on “Counterfeits and Their Impact on Consumer Health and Safety” – Application to Food Fraud Prevention?

Last week on April 27, 2016 the US Intellectual Property Rights Center presented US Senate testimony about the “Counterfeits and Their Impact on Consumer Health and Safety.” Food was not specifically mentioned but it is within scope. These law enforcement agencies are designed, built, and reinforced for enforcement and investigation.  This leads to the food …

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Publication – Book on Food Safety in China: Past, Present, and Future – Chapter on Food Fraud [published in China in Chinese]

Dr. Spink with book editors Dr. Junshi Chen and Dr. Joseph Jwu-shan Jen This book was created by two of the top handful of Chinese food safety government advisors. Editor Dr. Joseph Jwu-shan Jen stated that this is a landmark publication that will establish the foundation for the state-of-the-art-of the science. They stated “It is …

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Review: Final Rules for FSMA ‘Third-Party Certification,’ ‘Foreign Supplier Verification,’ and ‘Produce Rule’ Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

Three new US Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) rules are effective January 26, 2016 – are you compliant? What about for Food Fraud and EMA? Don’t worry since compliance requirements are at least a year away… but there is a LOT to do. You shouldn’t wait, but the overall compliance may not be as daunting …

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Survey Preliminary Results – What is a ‘Reasonably Foreseeable Hazard’? What is a “Pattern”?

by John Spink • January 25, 2016 • Blog • 0 Comments What will FDA consider a Food Fraud “Known or Reasonably Foreseeable Hazard” and a “Pattern”? Is it one (1) known incident, one in a million or billion transactions? This is a—THE—critical compliance question for the Preventative Controls section of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA-PC). At what point is …

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Counterfeit Wine Food Fraud Part I: The Challenge of Enforcement and Prosecution with a Review of the Wine Spectator Article

“Counterfeit wine is almost as old as wine itself, a problem that [Roman Philosopher] ‘Pliny the Elder’ decried in first-century Rome.” A wine expert stated that “If someone is faking Miraval, a $25 rose, I could be drinking counterfeit rarities.” This is a review of the November 30, 2015 Wine Spectator Magazine article of the …

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Presentations – MPI Food Protection Conference: “Food Fraud – What It Is, Why It Is Important, Why Now” and “Food Fraud – Global Trends and Prevention Strategies” (MPI, Auckland, New Zealand)

Attached you will find my presentations for October 12 and October 13. This is the Food Protection Conference hosted by the New Zealand Ministry for Private Industries (MPI). MPI oversees commerce and related laws and regulations in New Zealand. The objective of the conference is to provide Food Protection insight and direction for the New …

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Review: Final Rule for FSMA Preventative Controls Regarding Food Fraud and EMA – Preliminary MSU FFI Report

SUMMARY (150-word-brief): This is the MSU FFI review of the Food Safety Modernization Act Preventive Controls (FSMA-PC) Final Rule for Human Food and for Animal Food that was published yesterday. The Final Rule confirms that Food Fraud/Economically Motivated Adulteration (FF/EMA) must be addressed. FF/EMA is under Preventative Controls (Food Safety) and not Intentional Adulteration (Food …

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Germanwings Airplane Crash: Was it a “Reasonably Foreseeable Hazard” or “Reasonably Likely to Occur”?

Was last week’s Germanwings intentional airplane crash by a rogue pilot a “reasonably foreseeable hazard”? Was it “reasonably likely to occur”? What is the regulatory or jury-determined legal liability expectation of what is “reasonably” and “likely”? For Food Fraud: To-be-determined. The Germanwings plane crash from last week is a horrible tragedy on many fronts. The …

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“Share the Puck” – Valued Partner Award Given to Dr. Yongning Wu, Chinese National Food Safety Center (CFSA), and Others

While in Shenzhen and Beijing presenting to several government agencies last month, we awarded several Chinese colleagues with our “Share the Puck” Valued Partner Award. Leading their team is Dr. Yongning Wu, the Chief Scientist for the Chinese National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment (CFSA). Our MSU Food Fraud Initiative (FFI) recognizes key partners …

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Publication – Selection of Strategic Authentication and Tracing Programs

Authentication is a key to Food Fraud prevention and a critical part of the “detect-deter-prevent” continuum. Selecting authentication countermeasures that contribute to prevention is often complex and challenging. This challenge was the subject of my chapter on “The Selection of Strategic Authentication and Tracing Programs ” in the book Counterfeit Medicines : Volume I. Policy, Economics, and …

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FFI Presentations at Shenzhen International Innovation Auditorium Conference and Chinese National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment

This is an advance copy of my January 19 and January 22 presentations at the Shenzhen International Innovation Auditorium Conference (hosted by the Shenzhen Municipal Government) and to the Chinese National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment (CFSA, Beijing). I will be using the same presentation for both groups. For the CFSA I will review …

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Review: Food Fraud Application of GAO Report on Intellectual Property-Related Customs Exclusion Orders (19 US Code 1337)

The Food Industry could benefit from utilizing the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Exclusion Order rules. At minimum, it is critical that ALL companies register their brands with CBP. If you don’t register your brands then you’re missing out on the possible help of CBP. In November 2015 the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) …

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Final “Preventative Controls” Rulemaking-Related Questions for Economically Motivated Adulteration Questions – MSU FFI Public Submission for the “Request for Comments”

How and where should FDA address Economically Motivated Adulteration (EMA) or Food Fraud? Regardless of the US Congressional Research Service (CRS) and US Governmental Accountability Office (GAO) recommendations, is there an underlying question of whether FDA has to address Food Fraud/EMA at all? Since there are many global Food Fraud activities it is a very …

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New Publication –An Introduction to Food Fraud, Including Translation and Interpretation to Russian, Korean, and Chinese Languages

We are pleased to announce our most recent publication  – in case you missed it in your copy – in Food Chemistry Journal. If you follow our blog you know that we have been collaborating with countries all-around the world, and especially with China, Korea, and Russia. During those trips we have been introducing Food …

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Publication – Annual Survey Study of Product Counterfeiting by Michigan Residents Utilizing the MSU State of the State Survey: Implications for Food Fraud

There are important Law Enforcement priority-setting insights for Food Fraud in our recent “Annual  Survey Study of Product Counterfeiting by Michigan Residents Utilizing the MSU State of the State Survey.” The surveys were conducted in 2011, 2012, and 2013. We have submitted for funding the continuation of the research. The next step would be a …

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Presidential Task Force on Seafood Fraud – MSU FFI Public Comments for the “Request for Comments”

We seek opportunities to comment – especially early in the development stages – on government and agency activities. The main way the US government communicates its activities is through Federal Register notices. There was a recent notice of public meetings and a request for comments on Presidential Task Force on Combating Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated …

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Presentation: Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment Foundation at the GFSI China Focus Day, Beijing & Korean Society for Food Science and Technology, Gwangju Korea

This is an advance copy of my Food Fraud Overview presentation  at the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) China Focus Day, Beijing which is being held August 26-27, 2014. This includes our latest research on how incident clustering fits into the evaluation of the fraud opportunity, which is the theoretical foundation for a Food Fraud …

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Introducing the Food Fraud Reference Sheet

Use the link below to access our new Food Fraud Reference Sheet. Over the years we have been asked for a single resource that covers definitions, articles, and videos, as well as educational opportunities. The content will be regularly updated with the latest information: http ://foodfraud.msu.edu/food-fraud-reference-sheet/ From the Food Fraud Reference Sheet: “FOOD FRAUD: The simple …

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Announcement – £500,000 EU Food Fraud Grant for Queen’s University Belfast and MSU’s Food Fraud Initiative

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Dr. John Spink, Director & Assistant Professor, Food Fraud Initiative, Michigan State University, spinkj@msu.edu , www.FoodFraud.msu.edu , Phone: (517) 381-4491 MSU’s Food Fraud Initiative Director Dr. John Spink is pleased to announce being included as a Co-Investigator on a research team that was awarded a £500,000 grant to tackle global Food …

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If ‘Disgruntled Employee’ Actions Are ‘Economically Motivated’ Is It Food Fraud and Does It Meet the FDA’s Definition of ‘Economically Motivated Adulteration”? No and No.

Does it matter? Aren’t they all just words? Not if there is a regulatory compliance issue. The US Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is still determining where and how they will address ‘Economically Motivated Adulteration’ (EMA) – and there are questions beyond just the text from the Federal Register or from FSMA (see previous blog …

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MSU FFI Public Comment on FDA’s “Proposed Rule” for FSMA “Intentional Adulteration”

Attached you will find the MSU Food Fraud Initiative’s Public Comment on FDA’s “Proposed Rule” for the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) section “Intentional Adulteration” (our submission will eventually be posted publically at www.Regulations.gov). See a PDF of our comments here. Our summary comments are consistent with our previous public statements, presentations, research findings, and …

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Michigan State University Announces a Mandarin Language Translation of the Food Fraud MOOC, Plus a 4th Regular Food Fraud MOOC (Massive Open Online Course)

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Dr. John Spink, Director & Assistant Professor, Food Fraud Initiative, Michigan State University, spinkj@msu.edu , www.FoodFraud.msu.edu , Phone: (517) 381-4491 East Lansing, MI:   Registration is now open for two of Michigan State University’s free Food Fraud MOOCs (Massive Open Online Course).  The first is a Mandarin language course to be held on …

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Update: European Parliament Activity – Food Fraud Defined

The European Commission final report on Food Fraud was adopted back in January 2014.  A 58-0 committee vote supported the broad definition of Food Fraud and an emphasis on prevention.  The member states are beginning to implement countermeasures. EU Food Fraud Report (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&reference=A7-2013-0434&language=EN ) (The European Union [EU] (http://europa.eu/about-eu/index_en.htm) is a partnership of 28 member states across …

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Food Fraud Prevention Insights for Technology Innovation – Presentation at UK/FERA and EU/DG-SANCO Meetings

This is a copy of my presentation for June 11 at 11am at the FERA/JIFSAN symposium in York, UK: http://foodfraud.msu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/MSU-FFI-FERA-JIFSAN-2014.pdf.   Neil Marshall, Global Director of Quality & Food Safety for Coca-Cola and Vice-Chair of GFSI, is scheduled right after me and will present on “Food Fraud and the Industry Response.”  Markus Lipp of the US …

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USP’s Comments to FDA on ‘Intentional Adulteration’ and ‘Economically Motivated Adulteration’

US Pharmacopeia (USP) recommends the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adopt a ‘hybrid’ framework to address combating Economically Motivated Adulteration (EMA) – a sub-category of Food Fraud – separate from preventative controls (Food Safety) or catastrophic events (Food Defense). USP, and their Food Chemicals Codex, is an important stakeholder in protecting the global food …

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Future Innovations in Food Fraud Prevention? – Review of the McKinsey Disruptive Technologies Report for 2013 to 2025

The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) published “Disruptive technologies : Advances that will transform life, business, and the global economy” (http://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/dotcom/Insights%20and%20pubs/MGI/Research/Technology%20and%20Innovation/Disruptive%20technologies/MGI_Disruptive_technologies_Full_report_May2013.ashx).  The innovations discussed have the opportunity to transform the food industry and contribute to Food Fraud prevention.  Disruptive innovation can spark or extinguish a company – let alone entire industries – in a flash.  While we …

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Review of QUB Food Integrity ASSET 2014 Conference

Food Integrity and Food Fraud were key focus areas at the recent ‘Food Integrity and Traceability Conference’  (http://www.qub.ac.uk/asset2014/ ) hosted by Queen’s University Belfast. I was invited as a Keynote Speaker to cover Food Fraud Prevention.  Four 5-minute videos were created to cover the key concepts, including the Food Fraud prevention focus in China. There …

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