Review – Trade Journal Articles on Food Fraud Compliance Requirements for GFSI, FSMA, and Sarbanes-Oxley

Are you compliant with the current and pending regulatory and standards requirements to address “all” types of food fraud and “all” products?  Probably not… but there are fairly simple steps to get started.  Our MSU FFI team just published two trade journal articles that summarize numerous peer-reviewed, refereed scholarly journal articles. MSU’s Dr. Doug Moyer …

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Publication – The Economics of a Food Fraud Incident – Case Studies and Examples, Including Melamine in Wheat Gluten

We all know Food Fraud occurs for economic gain, but it is more complex than just “profit margin” or “commodity price swings.” Reviewing the incidents provides insight on exactly how and where bad guys are attacking… which is critical to prevention and selecting countermeasures. New Publication: The Economics of a Food Fraud Incident – Case …

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Survey Results – FDA “Request for Comment” on FSMA Hazard Disclosure (or Not) – Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

This is a follow-up to our recent blog post that included a survey. The survey results summarized below will also be included in our formal public comments to FDA. Summary (150-word-brief):  This is a summary of our survey results. The FSMA guidance was clear, although there are ongoing FSMA concerns. While the new requirements are …

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FDA “Request for Comment” on FSMA Hazard Disclosure (or Not) – Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

Earlier this week FDA released “Describing a Hazard That Needs Control in Documents Accompanying the Food, as Required by Four Rules Implementing the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act: Guidance for Industry.” This was officially published in the Federal Register on October 31, 2016. Food Fraud (or EMA) was not directly addressed. This only defines how …

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New Publication: Food Protection Strategies – Review of New Zealand MPI Food Protection Forum

New Publication: Food Protection Strategies – Review of New Zealand MPI Food Protection Forum by John Spink • October 7, 2016 • Blog • 0 Comments This report was specifically created to provide an overview of key concepts presented at the “Food Protection Forum” held in Auckland during October 2015, which was organized by the New Zealand Government Ministry for Primary …

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Review – Final Rule for FSMA Intentional Adulteration (Food Defense) Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

This is a detailed, 22-page review of the Food Fraud aspects or requirements of the recently published Food Safety Modernization Act Intentional Adulteration (Food Defense) Final Rule (FSMA-IA). In addition to regular contributors Spink & Moyer, we are pleased to add MSU’s Dr. Andrew Huff (College of Veterinary Medicine) and University of Auckland’s (NZ) Bradley …

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Review – US IPR Center Senate Testimony on “Counterfeits and Their Impact on Consumer Health and Safety” – Application to Food Fraud Prevention?

Last week on April 27, 2016 the US Intellectual Property Rights Center presented US Senate testimony about the “Counterfeits and Their Impact on Consumer Health and Safety.” Food was not specifically mentioned but it is within scope. These law enforcement agencies are designed, built, and reinforced for enforcement and investigation.  This leads to the food …

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Publication – Book on Food Safety in China: Past, Present, and Future – Chapter on Food Fraud [published in China in Chinese]

Dr. Spink with book editors Dr. Junshi Chen and Dr. Joseph Jwu-shan Jen This book was created by two of the top handful of Chinese food safety government advisors. Editor Dr. Joseph Jwu-shan Jen stated that this is a landmark publication that will establish the foundation for the state-of-the-art-of the science. They stated “It is …

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Review: Final Rules for FSMA ‘Third-Party Certification,’ ‘Foreign Supplier Verification,’ and ‘Produce Rule’ Regarding Food Fraud and EMA

Three new US Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) rules are effective January 26, 2016 – are you compliant? What about for Food Fraud and EMA? Don’t worry since compliance requirements are at least a year away… but there is a LOT to do. You shouldn’t wait, but the overall compliance may not be as daunting …

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Presentations – MPI Food Protection Conference: “Food Fraud – What It Is, Why It Is Important, Why Now” and “Food Fraud – Global Trends and Prevention Strategies” (MPI, Auckland, New Zealand)

Attached you will find my presentations for October 12 and October 13. This is the Food Protection Conference hosted by the New Zealand Ministry for Private Industries (MPI). MPI oversees commerce and related laws and regulations in New Zealand. The objective of the conference is to provide Food Protection insight and direction for the New …

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Publication – Selection of Strategic Authentication and Tracing Programs

Authentication is a key to Food Fraud prevention and a critical part of the “detect-deter-prevent” continuum. Selecting authentication countermeasures that contribute to prevention is often complex and challenging. This challenge was the subject of my chapter on “The Selection of Strategic Authentication and Tracing Programs ” in the book Counterfeit Medicines : Volume I. Policy, Economics, and …

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FFI Presentations at Shenzhen International Innovation Auditorium Conference and Chinese National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment

This is an advance copy of my January 19 and January 22 presentations at the Shenzhen International Innovation Auditorium Conference (hosted by the Shenzhen Municipal Government) and to the Chinese National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment (CFSA, Beijing). I will be using the same presentation for both groups. For the CFSA I will review …

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Review: Food Fraud Application of GAO Report on Intellectual Property-Related Customs Exclusion Orders (19 US Code 1337)

The Food Industry could benefit from utilizing the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Exclusion Order rules. At minimum, it is critical that ALL companies register their brands with CBP. If you don’t register your brands then you’re missing out on the possible help of CBP. In November 2015 the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) …

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Final “Preventative Controls” Rulemaking-Related Questions for Economically Motivated Adulteration Questions – MSU FFI Public Submission for the “Request for Comments”

How and where should FDA address Economically Motivated Adulteration (EMA) or Food Fraud? Regardless of the US Congressional Research Service (CRS) and US Governmental Accountability Office (GAO) recommendations, is there an underlying question of whether FDA has to address Food Fraud/EMA at all? Since there are many global Food Fraud activities it is a very …

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New Publication –An Introduction to Food Fraud, Including Translation and Interpretation to Russian, Korean, and Chinese Languages

We are pleased to announce our most recent publication  – in case you missed it in your copy – in Food Chemistry Journal. If you follow our blog you know that we have been collaborating with countries all-around the world, and especially with China, Korea, and Russia. During those trips we have been introducing Food …

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Publication – Annual Survey Study of Product Counterfeiting by Michigan Residents Utilizing the MSU State of the State Survey: Implications for Food Fraud

There are important Law Enforcement priority-setting insights for Food Fraud in our recent “Annual  Survey Study of Product Counterfeiting by Michigan Residents Utilizing the MSU State of the State Survey.” The surveys were conducted in 2011, 2012, and 2013. We have submitted for funding the continuation of the research. The next step would be a …

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Presidential Task Force on Seafood Fraud – MSU FFI Public Comments for the “Request for Comments”

We seek opportunities to comment – especially early in the development stages – on government and agency activities. The main way the US government communicates its activities is through Federal Register notices. There was a recent notice of public meetings and a request for comments on Presidential Task Force on Combating Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated …

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Presentation: Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment Foundation at the GFSI China Focus Day, Beijing & Korean Society for Food Science and Technology, Gwangju Korea

This is an advance copy of my Food Fraud Overview presentation  at the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) China Focus Day, Beijing which is being held August 26-27, 2014. This includes our latest research on how incident clustering fits into the evaluation of the fraud opportunity, which is the theoretical foundation for a Food Fraud …

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Introducing the Food Fraud Reference Sheet

Use the link below to access our new Food Fraud Reference Sheet. Over the years we have been asked for a single resource that covers definitions, articles, and videos, as well as educational opportunities. The content will be regularly updated with the latest information: http ://foodfraud.msu.edu/food-fraud-reference-sheet/ From the Food Fraud Reference Sheet: “FOOD FRAUD: The simple …

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Announcement – £500,000 EU Food Fraud Grant for Queen’s University Belfast and MSU’s Food Fraud Initiative

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Dr. John Spink, Director & Assistant Professor, Food Fraud Initiative, Michigan State University, spinkj@msu.edu , www.FoodFraud.msu.edu , Phone: (517) 381-4491 MSU’s Food Fraud Initiative Director Dr. John Spink is pleased to announce being included as a Co-Investigator on a research team that was awarded a £500,000 grant to tackle global Food …

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If ‘Disgruntled Employee’ Actions Are ‘Economically Motivated’ Is It Food Fraud and Does It Meet the FDA’s Definition of ‘Economically Motivated Adulteration”? No and No.

Does it matter? Aren’t they all just words? Not if there is a regulatory compliance issue. The US Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is still determining where and how they will address ‘Economically Motivated Adulteration’ (EMA) – and there are questions beyond just the text from the Federal Register or from FSMA (see previous blog …

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Update: European Parliament Activity – Food Fraud Defined

The European Commission final report on Food Fraud was adopted back in January 2014.  A 58-0 committee vote supported the broad definition of Food Fraud and an emphasis on prevention.  The member states are beginning to implement countermeasures. EU Food Fraud Report (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&reference=A7-2013-0434&language=EN ) (The European Union [EU] (http://europa.eu/about-eu/index_en.htm) is a partnership of 28 member states across …

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Food Fraud Prevention Insights for Technology Innovation – Presentation at UK/FERA and EU/DG-SANCO Meetings

This is a copy of my presentation for June 11 at 11am at the FERA/JIFSAN symposium in York, UK: http://foodfraud.msu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/MSU-FFI-FERA-JIFSAN-2014.pdf.   Neil Marshall, Global Director of Quality & Food Safety for Coca-Cola and Vice-Chair of GFSI, is scheduled right after me and will present on “Food Fraud and the Industry Response.”  Markus Lipp of the US …

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USP’s Comments to FDA on ‘Intentional Adulteration’ and ‘Economically Motivated Adulteration’

US Pharmacopeia (USP) recommends the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adopt a ‘hybrid’ framework to address combating Economically Motivated Adulteration (EMA) – a sub-category of Food Fraud – separate from preventative controls (Food Safety) or catastrophic events (Food Defense). USP, and their Food Chemicals Codex, is an important stakeholder in protecting the global food …

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Review of QUB Food Integrity ASSET 2014 Conference

Food Integrity and Food Fraud were key focus areas at the recent ‘Food Integrity and Traceability Conference’  (http://www.qub.ac.uk/asset2014/ ) hosted by Queen’s University Belfast. I was invited as a Keynote Speaker to cover Food Fraud Prevention.  Four 5-minute videos were created to cover the key concepts, including the Food Fraud prevention focus in China. There …

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Is EMA a “catastrophic event”? A Review of the Food Fraud Aspects of the FDA Public Meeting on FSMA Intentional Adulteration

Is an “economically motivated” incident only dangerous “economically”?  This question raises the important point of scope and definition of the “risk” in a “risk based approach.”  From a terrorist attack impact or food safety outbreak perspective an EMA incident almost always has a very low public health impact.  This is an ever-present challenge for Food …

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New Publication: Defining Food Fraud Prevention to Align Food Science and Technology Resources

The EU Food Fraud resolution just passed from committee for a full European Parliament vote in early 2014.  Defining Food Fraud and a focus on preventative actions are no longer just academic exercises.  That said, our new article is perfect timing, with very important insight for implementing regulations and industry best practices. Focus Research on …

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The Impact of Prevention Defines the Value of Enforcement and Prosecution

Reflections on my week here at the Interpol 2013 International Law Enforcement Intellectual Crime Conference, Dublin, Ireland Food Fraud is a focus of Interpol, and the next big food crime Operation Opson  already has 32 countries participating.  The increasing impact on public health is being felt, which is providing a significant opportunity to further understand food crime. …

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Presentation: Food Fraud Overview at the Food and Ag SCC/GCC

Tuesday, September 20, 2013, Washington, DC — Later this morning I will be presenting Food Fraud Overview at the Food and Agriculture Sector Joint Quarterly Meeting.  This group organized under the US Critical Infrastructure Partnership Advisory Council  (CIPAC), which was created under Homeland Security Presidential Directive-7.  From the CIP website: “CIPAC  membership encompasses critical infrastructure …

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