Written by: Lisa Stelzner
Primary Source: Daily Dose of Science Blog
Walruses in Alaska have started to gather in huge numbers on Alaska’s shorelines the past few years because their sea ice that they usually rest on and hunt from has been disappearing from climate change. This is alarming scientists because walruses would normally gather in smaller groups of less than 100 individuals on sea ice, but now they are gathering on land in groups up to the tens of thousands! This has some dire consequences for walruses: they can spread disease much easier, run out of food nearby, kill each other in stampedes (an adult male walrus can be up to 1.5 tons!), and predators such as polar bears and brown bears are nearby. Planes flying overhead can freak the walruses out and cause them to stampede, so the only thing humans can do to improve their situation is to reroute planes around their huge groups on shore.
A walrus group on land. Photo credit: Corey Accardo/NOAA/NMFS/AFSC/NMML/Handout via Reuters
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I'm a plant biology PhD student studying monarch butterflies in Michigan, but I'm interested in lots of other types of science, too. I am interested in how breeding monarch butterflies choose their habitat based on floral species richness and abundance. Few studies have been conducted on optimal foraging theory when it involves an organism searching for two different kinds of resources, and butterflies are an ideal study system to investigate this, since many species are ovipositing specialists and only lay eggs on one species of hostplant, but are feeding generalists and nectar from a broad variety of flowering forbs.
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