Review – Adulteration, Adulterated, and Adulterant, with Insight from Accum’s 1820 Treatise on Adulteration of Food

Can there be an “adulterated food” that does not include an “adulterant”? Yes. Confused yet? Keep reading. The bottom line is that to avoid confusion it is recommended to use the terms “Food Fraud” or “adulterant-substance” when referring to the type of fraud that is a substance intentionally added for economic gain. This blog post …

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Pathogen testing and the safety of poultry parts

The USDA FSIS recently finalized new poultry pathogen performance standards. In brief, the finalized rule is establishing standards and testing procedures for assessing the level of salmonella and Campylobacter on chicken parts (read: chicken breasts, wings, thighs, etc.) and not-ready-to-eat comminuted chicken and poultry (read: ground chicken and ground turkey). While not a high-profile or …

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MSU FFI Public Comment on FDA’s “Proposed Rule” for FSMA “Intentional Adulteration”

Attached you will find the MSU Food Fraud Initiative’s Public Comment on FDA’s “Proposed Rule” for the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) section “Intentional Adulteration” (our submission will eventually be posted publically at www.Regulations.gov). See a PDF of our comments here. Our summary comments are consistent with our previous public statements, presentations, research findings, and …

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USP’s Comments to FDA on ‘Intentional Adulteration’ and ‘Economically Motivated Adulteration’

US Pharmacopeia (USP) recommends the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adopt a ‘hybrid’ framework to address combating Economically Motivated Adulteration (EMA) – a sub-category of Food Fraud – separate from preventative controls (Food Safety) or catastrophic events (Food Defense). USP, and their Food Chemicals Codex, is an important stakeholder in protecting the global food …

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Is EMA a “catastrophic event”? A Review of the Food Fraud Aspects of the FDA Public Meeting on FSMA Intentional Adulteration

Is an “economically motivated” incident only dangerous “economically”?  This question raises the important point of scope and definition of the “risk” in a “risk based approach.”  From a terrorist attack impact or food safety outbreak perspective an EMA incident almost always has a very low public health impact.  This is an ever-present challenge for Food …

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